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Dr. Scarborough's "Installation Address" delivered in May, 1915. This address drew students f'rom various and distant areas. SWBTS Libraries ff S U P P L E M .E N T Vol. 1 MAY, 1915 No. 1 The Primal Test of Theological Education INSTALLATION ADDRESS OF PRESIDENT L. R. SCARBOROUGH, D. D. MAY, 1915 BULLETIN OF THE SOUTHWESTERN BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY FORT WORTH, TEXAS ISSUED QUARTERLY BY SOUTHWESTERN BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY APPLICATION FOR ENTRY "AS SECOND·CLASS MATTER AT THE POSTOFFICE AT FORT WORTH, TEXAS, PENDING ~ ~=============================1) SWBTS Libraries L. R. SCARBOROUGH, D. D. SWBTS Libraries ~bt ~rimal tEtst of tEbtologital ~bucation HE preacher of the gospel is the human pivot in the kingdom of God and the primal earthly factor in the reign <tf righteousness. In him center the imperial forces and upon him rest the immeasurable responsibilities of renovating this world, routing the satanic powers and regenerating humanity. That spiritual leadership called the ministry is second only to the divine agency called God in the WQrld's redemption. He is God's royal ambassador, representing heaven's plenary powers in God's dealings with men. He is God's under-shepherd, feeding, protecting, sheltering, guiding, healing, leading out God's flock. He is the watchman 011 God's war-towers, spying the enemy of souls and warning of his destructive approach. The preacher is charged with a sacred debtorship to all men, intrusted with a holy trusteeship-the mysteries of Christ's redeeming gospel, and has committed to him the most transcendent guardianship-the spiritual immortality of unredeemed mankind, and has given to him by the divine hands the most boundless task of earthleadership in winning and building souls and fitly preparing them for an eternal residence with God. He lives unto God, speaks for Him, leads to Him, receives his orders from Him, and seeks ever only to crown Him. His office is second to none among men. All his alliances, covenants, and allegience to men are subject to his vows to God. His appointment and commission are from God and his first accountability is to God. The true preacher of the gospel, loving God and lost men, and humbly seeking to bring in the rule of Christ, is God's big man whether in city, village or country church. We cannot make too much of the right kind of a preacher, nor go too far in providing for his conquering sweep through the world. His motives are from the heavenly world. His rewards are to come hereafter. His citizenship is in another world while he works in this one, seeking to bring the two together. When God thinks of humanity He thinks of His preachers first. When Christ in His earthly ministry first handed an office to man He commissioned him to become a "fisher of men." The most important educational institutions mentioned in God's Word were for the training of preachers, "the school of the prophets," and "the school of the apostles." Christian education in all lands finds its earliest motive and supreme passion in a desire to train men to be efficient preachers of the gospel. This desire constitutes today one of the mightiest appeals for Christian education. To increase the quantity and improve the quality of ministerial material is the motive back of many of our kingdom enterprises today. Such problems constitute the reason for this Seminary. These buildings, this endowment, this SWBTS Libraries assembled faculty, all on this Hill is an answer of prayer and the response to energies in behalf of preachers and other workers in Christ's kingdom. It was a desire for more preachers and more efficient servants of Christ that led the Baylors, the Burlesons, the Cranes and the Carrolls in the early day to found and maintain Baylor University, out of the heart of which has grown this Seminary. It was to supply this same demand of Christ's growing kingdom that led Boyce, Broadus and their immortal co-laborers to toil, sacrifice and build through the weary years the foundations and superstructure of our great Seminary at Louisville, Kentucky. It was a love for Christ's cause in supplying His churches with worthy and trained preachers that led the deathless Carroll to lay aside his great pastorate and devote himself without reserve to his dying day that this Seminary might be built. Before entering into the discussion of the subject chosen for this occasion, it would not be deemed inappropriate to give a word about the founder, genesis and fundamentals of this Seminary. This Seminary's founder, promoter, constructor and first president was the peerless B. H. Carroll. Who loved preachers more than he? THE SEMINARY'S GENESIS. Its history is a growth. It came up out of Baylor's life. It was nourished in her arms. Her Bible Department fruited in this Seminary. Others helped, but Dr. B. H. Carroll was the imperial factor. It was he who dreamed it out, and prayed it through. I give in his own language the vision that came to him at the initiation of this movement. "I was on a fast train rushing through the Panhandle. My mind for hours had been absorbed in the problem of making adequate provision for ministerial training in the Southwest. I became depressed with the burden and intensity of thought. My soul was wrestling like Jacob at the brook Jabbock. Outwards every way, my heart-appeals were stabbing and goring the pitiless environment of mental darkness. 'Is there no practical solution; is there no reasonable basis of hope; is there no solid foundation for weary feet; no restful solace for the anxious heart? Must I die before I see this long desired part of the salvation of God?' Here I was, writing no articles, making no pulpit or platform allusions to my work, seeking to accomplish the desired object by private visitation and face to face conference with a hundred select friends to whom it was supposed this work was dear, and whose prayers would likely accompany their contributions. Ever recurred the burning question, Will they see this as I do? Will they count it an honor to share this burden with me? Suddenly in the most realistic manner I recalled John's vision of our Lord in the island of Patmos and a quickened memory repeated his words with such emphasis that they seemed almost audible and personal to me: 'Fear not. I am the first and the last and the living One; and am become dead, and behold I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of death and of the spirit world, and I am He that hath the key of David that openeth 2 SWBTS Libraries and none shall shut, and shutteth that none openeth.' Instantly peace and rest poured like a river into my heart, expelling all anxiety and perplexity. My heart leaped and my soul exulted. I kept repeating, 'Jesus is alive! Jesus is alive! He has all power in heaven and on earth. He knows. He understands. He is approachable now as in the days of his flesh.' In a moment my faith saw a wonderful sight-even the throne of grace and read its inscriptions: 'Let us therefore draw near with boldness unto the throne of grace that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in the time of need.' Instantly memory and heart repeated the benediction in Revelation, 'Unto Him that loveth us and loosed us from our sin by His blood and He hath made us to be a kingdom, to be priests unto His Father. To Him be glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen.' " Here is the prayer he prayed for this Seminary: "Lord, thou art alive. Thou art present. Thou hast the keys. Lock the doors of death against this Seminary. Suffer not the gates of hell to prevail against it. Open to us with the key of David the door of faith-the door of utterance, the door of human favor, and above all the door of divine approval and blessing." Thus the Seminary came to us fresh from the bosom of the risen living Lord. It was Dr. Carroll who gave it the confidence of the people and raised its first financial support. His matchless personality and faith promoted and nourished it through its trying and perilous period of infancy. He set its standards and ideals, determined its spirit and outlined its mission. He brought to it the love and support of some big Baptist business men who have been and are today its unfailing friends. It was his masterful personality and influence that brought it to denominational favor and recognition. He gave it its anchorage in the hearts of Baptists throughout the land and related it closely to the churches. He breathed into it the spirit of scriptural soundness and loyalty to Christ and His Word, and set it forth in an atmosphere of compassionate evangelism and world-wide missions. He so loved it, poured into it the sacred vitalities of his kingly soul, anchored it by faith to God, and lashed it by love to Christ, that he has left it to us, not a prospect and possibility only, but a great possession and kingdom fact. Through this Seminary B. H. Carroll will live an ever enlarging life and above it his knightly spirit will preside to cheer us on in our difficulties and burdens, pressing us on to the highest standards of loyalty to Christ and devotion to his Word, sending us out with compassionate zeal to a lost world. In giving such a regal place in the upbuilding of this Seminary to Dr. Carroll I do not under-value the work of others. Williams, Ray, Newman, Reeve, Doolan, and Crowder, in the early days among the living, Tanner and Barrett among the dead, did well their part and shall have a large share in the heavenly rewards. In later times Conner, Ball, Weatherspoon, Barnes and Gambrell have done and are doing nobly their part in this gigantic work. I do not mean to detract from the value of their labors in putting the chief crown on the head of our beloved and sainted Carroll, nor would 3 SWBTS Libraries I take one chaplet of praise from the brow of the hosts of othen who have worked, some as field-representatives, endowment secretaries .and evangelists, some as pastors who have opened the doors of their churches, and otherwise aided, and many, many others who have given, some largely and others sacrificially of their money, prayers and love, to the on-going of this institution; nor would I leave out the modest matrons and women workers, the wives of the president and faculty who have toiled, prayed and worked to make go this great plant; Mrs. Carroll, Mrs. Newman, Mrs. Cheek, Miss Tupper, Mrs. Stokes, the royal members of the Advisory Board and other faithful women; nor would I overlook the faithful members of the Board of Trustees, especially its noble and faithful president, Judge W. D. Harris, Dr. J. B. Cranfill and others who have co-operated every step of the way in the constructive agencies for this institution. God's blessings upon them every one. THE SEMINARY'S FUNDAMENTALS. A discussion of the genesis and founder of this Seminary naturally leads to a word concerning the fundamentals or principles, upon which it is founded. A discussion of these will not be foreign to the subject of this address, nor distinct from the object in view. It is meant rather as an illustration and exemplification of the truths enunciated later. This institution has grown up in a distinct religious atmosphere, to fill a definite need and advance the cause of a certain type, glorious, militant, aggressive, New Testament type of Christian service. Its builders and founders have been mindful of definite principles and doctrines touching its life and growth. These are summarized as follows: 1. The Fundamental of Its Denominational Anchorage. This institution is distinctively Baptist in its principles, doctrine! and methods. Dr. Carroll could have founded no other kind, holding the views he did. He meant for it to remain Baptist, so he put certain guards and checks around its· teaching and administration. (1) The first guard was that no one should teach in it as a regular professor except one who is a member in good and regular standing in a Missionary Baptist Church. No such requirement is made for its students. We have already graduated men other than Baptists. (2) The second guard is that every professor must subscribe to the articles of faith laid down in what is called the New Hampshire Declaration of Faith, upon his becoming a professor in the institution. (3) The third guard put about it is that touching the Board of Control-the trustees. No man can be a trustee who is not a member of a regular Missionary Baptist Church in good standing. These trustees are appointed by the conventions of co-operating States, and are appointed in four classes, the term of office of one class expires each year. So that the State Baptist Conventions could change the personnel of the entire board in four years. Every Baptist in these SWBTS Libraries co-operating States may exercise his control of this Seminary through the messengers to Baptist conventions. Thus it is seen that this in- 11titution can never have it.a ownership or control taken from the people who founded it and support it. Thus it.a teaching will remain true to the doctrines of it.a founders and supporters as long as the churches sending messengers to State conventions remain true to these doctrines. 2. The Fundamental of Its Doctrines. This Seminary was really born out of a spiritual experience it.a founder had with the risen living Christ, and hence was based on the personality and deity of Jesus Christ. I think this explains the provident hand of God in it.a marvelous support and growth. This institution rests in the confident conviction that Jesus Christ is the Son of God, very God of very God, born of the virgin Mary, lived a sinless life and showed forth a marvelous ministry among men, was crucified by Pontius Pilate on the insistence of the Jews, buried in Joseph's tomb, rose the third day triumphant over death, hell and the grave, and ascended to the Father's throne and sits today regnant at His right hand, our Priest, Prophet, King of Kings, and Redeemer, forever interceding for us. We believe and teach without the quiver of a spiritual muscle the saving efficacy of Christ's blood, the inspiration and integrity of His Word from Genesis to Revelation, in salvation by His grace alone, in the personality, power and ministry of the Holy Spirit, in a regenerated church-membership, in the importance and symbolic meaning of the ordinances, in the mission, responsibilities and obligations of Christ's churches in carrying the gospel to the world and in the binding effect of Christ's commission on these churches and all Christians in bringing in and building up His kingdom throughout the world. We stand for these doctrines and the others dear to the faith of our people and taught in God's Word, and expect to teach them with clearness and conviction, not in the spirit of the religious bully or ecclesiastical pugilist, but in the spirit of Christly brotherliness and love. We want it to go out to all the brotherhood that though our great founder, peerless teacher and beloved president is dead, yet none of the doctrines for which he stood and which he so clearly taught are dead, nor will be as long as our lives count for anything in molding the sentiment or determining the administration here. We believe that an organic union of Christianity on a basis of compromise of fundamental doctrines would be suicidal to Christianity itself, perilous to the commission of Christ and the destiny of the human race. A spineless Christianity, innocent of .basic doctrines of the Word of God could never send forth a conquering army to meet the forces of satan, check the onslaughts of evil, nor lift up a standard against the floods of hell, seeking to overwhelm and destroy all things dear to Christ. This Seminary will keep in a straight path, close to the New Testament and we trust in the comradeship of Christ. We will stand in the broad spirit of brotherhood for a vertebrate gospel, lived, preached and carried everywhere through the agency of Christ's churches in the i SWBTS Libraries power of the Holy Spirit. We are not with nor for those who would have a "scrapbook Bible." We take Christ's endorsement of the Old Testament and receive the New Testament as Paul, the Holy Spirit, and the fathers have handed it down to us. We believe it is Godbreathed, and binding upon conscience and conduct, and is our only ultimate and infallible authority touching life and destiny. Unitarianism and destructive criticism, with their schemes against Christ's deity, their plots against Paul's integrity, their denials of the Bible's inspiration and their denunciations of the supernatural in Christianity cannot receive even a feint smile of approval in any comer of this Seminary's theology. We are happy to take Christ as divine Lord, salvation through His blood, membership in His churches, orders from His commission and go forth in the power of His spirit to save a lost world. 3. The Fundamental of Life and Activity. This Seminary, like the Southern Baptist Seminary, is built largely on the principles laid down by Dr. James P. Boyce in his immortal address at Greenville, S. C., in 1858. There, as here, not only the type, grade and strength of scholarship receive due attention, but also the spiritual life and practical efficiency in church and kingdom service of the students is kept in mind in all instruction. The pragmatic test of scholarship is the dominant test in this Seminary. We believe in and encourage the highest reaches and profoundest depths of learning in college, university and seminary. We offer regular courses and graduate courses, which require the top attainments in literary education to master. We put a premium on broad and accurate scholarship. We are making for departmental strength in our professorships and open our top stories to men who wish to go far in linguistic lore and into the original sources in any branch of learning. But we also have the bottom stories open to high school and undergraduate men, and men from the marts and farms of life, who, called of God to preach late in life, with family and financial burdens cannot take college training. We want them as well as the others. We remember Amos, Simon Peter, and John the Baptist in God's lists of preachers and prophets, as well as Moses, Paul and the cultured John. Our great aim is to meet the needs of a suffering world in high places and low, with adaptable, efficient evangelistic and Spirit-filled men. We confess that our aim is found in the subject of this address-kingdom efficiency through culture, scholarship, training, consecration, and the power of God. THE MARKS OF AN EFFICIENT MINISTRY. It is difficult to describe the ideal minister, so varied and manysided are his spheres of activity and different are his duties. He must be preacher, pastor, denominational agent for all missions, education, benevolence, and religious literature. He must be editor, social worker, reformer, advocate for all kinds of civic betterment, evangelist, teacher and leader in Sunday School, young people's and laymen's work. He g SWBTS Libraries must raise money, distribute charity, dedicate churches, lecture at conferences, keep up with all mission movements, and perform at all kinds of functions. The lines of his activity are overwhelming to his time, energy and talent. The ministry must largely furnish our secretaries and other denominational leaders. They must write our books on theology, missions, evangelism, Sunday School work and our commentaries. They must edit our great religious literature. They must furnish the missionary statesmen, leaders and workers on the far-11.ung battle lines. For all these varied spheres, the theological seminary must furnish trained leaders. What a task for the seminary! The question asked in many quarters is, Are the theological seminaries measuring up to that task; are they delivering the finished product which the markets of the world demand? What is the final and primal test of their instruction and training? Is it the scholastic test or the pragmatic test? Is it scholarship or efficiency? Let us take a brief inventory of Baptist stock in the United States touching theological seminaries and see about how we stand. In the United States, according to the latest religious statistics, there are 3,830,540 white Baptists. There are 32,989 white Baptist churches. There are 22,987 white Baptist preachers. These are divided as follows: Baptists in Northern convention, 1,238,323; in Southern convention, 2,592,217. Churches in Northern convention, 9,502; in Southern convention, 23,487. Preachers in Northern convention, 8,229; in Southern convention, 14,758. Clearly within the territory of the Northern convention there are eight theological seminaries and divinity schools. There are two on the border and there are two seminaries in the Southern territory, and one of them only eight years of age. All these twelve seminaries had last year a hundred and fifteen instructors, and one thousand four hundred and thirty-five students. This shows that there is an average of one hundred nineteen students to each seminary and an average of twelve to each instructor. There were last year an increase of white Baptist churches in the United States to the number of about one thousand. If every student attending all the Baptist theological seminaries• of the United States last year had graduated and had gone out into the new Baptist churches alone there would not have been more than enough preachers to furnish even these new churches with pastors. It is a sad fact that in the territory where we have the most and best endowed seminaries we have the smallest number of Baptists and that number is rapidly decreasing. I wonder if the standards of scholarship have had anything to do with these sad figures. Take some more figures. There are in the United States one hundred ninety-five Baptist universities, colleges, academies and training schools. In these there were last year 3,582 ministerial students taking literary studies, and this number has not varied much for the last five years. Remember that in all of our theological seminaries there are only 1,435 students. Thus we see that if all the students attending our theological seminaries were from our Baptist schools we would not get one-half of those attending these 7 SWBTS Libraries schools in the seminaries. Why do not more of our college and university preachers take the seminary course? I wonder if the life, spirit and standards in our seminaries have anything to do with these facts. There are in the South alone about 23,487 Baptist churches and only two seminaries with an average attendance of about 450 students per year. Our secretaries report that more than 10,000 of these churches make no reports to denominational agencies nor send any money showing co-operation in any general missionary or educational movement. Do not these facts bring to us the argument either for more theological seminaries or a popularizing and strengthening of the ones we have. Had we not better change our curriculum, evangelize our spirit, and make more practical our methods, if we wish to furnish trained leaders in a larger measure for our churches? I do not undervalue the work of our seminaries. We have done nobly and made marked strides in the last half century and have today a strong leadership; but the fact remains that we are reaching only a small part of our constituency and producing only meager results compared to our need and our opportunity. I now proceed to discuss some of the spiritual marks which I believe theological education should place on the character and life of our rising ·ministry-some of the things theological seminaries should stand for in a more emphatic way, thus popularizing their courses and enlarging their opportunities to send to the widening kingdom fields a trained and efficient leadership. 1. The True Stamp of Character. The cause of Christ has suffered innumerable delays and discouragements from the 'betrayals of the Judases and other ministerial defaulters in character and conduct. The scandals of fallen preachers advertised through a muckraking press appealing to a debased public sentiment have brought world-wide shame to us. The sins and weaknesses of the gospel ministry should be reduced to a minimum. Lying, looseness in social relations, dishonesty in financial obligations and other common sins among us, should receive the determined and emphatic stamp of disapproval and denunciation on the part of our seminaries, schools and churches. Theological seminaries should grow the ti.nest Christian character, set high standards of consecration and separation, make unalterably strong the requirements for clean and high living on the part of young preachers. We should make it impossible for a ministerial degenerate, a moral marplot, a designing, scheming spiritual imposter to get through our seminaries to the churches and thus ravage and debauch our high calling. Let us make it more and more in all our pulptis as God required in the earlier day: "Who shall ascend into the hill of the Lord, or who shall stand in His holy place? He that hath clean hands and a pure heart, who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully." Let us see to it that our diplomas are a guarantee of character as well as a stamp of scholarship. s SWBTS Libraries 2. Spirituality. The second mark of the ministry which I would mention that leads' to the true pragmatic test, and which should be stamped indelibly upon our young preachers is Spirituality. A theological seminaey should not be a cold storage for the preserving of theological eggs, but rather a warm incubator for the hatching out of live, burning, shining preachers of the gospel with souls hot with zeal and full of power. A seminary should not be a florist's glass-covered hot-house, in which to grow delicate ministerial plants for perfumery purposes, but rather a training camp and naval station, teaching God's soldiers how to handle in a heroic fashion the gospel dynamics, taking constant exercise in spiritual heroics. They should be great factories of life, blood, heat, light and power. Our men should find God as well as His truth in their seminary studies. They should have constant experiences with Him in His heart and life dealings with them and through them. Their hearts as well as their heads should grow. We need great souls with spiritual power in our pulpits and pastorates far more than we need great scholars with profound learning but innocent of the power of God. Praye~, soulful touch with God, should characterize our study life. If a preacher gets all his preaching material and methods of work in a prayerless and unspiritual atmosphere, he will deliver his messages and perform his tasks in the same way and this sort of minis~rial labors will not grow the best life in the churches. Our preachers should have the priestly quality of intercession as well as the prophet power in teaching. In order to do this there should be in every theological seminary a "chair of fire"-a department of evangelism, through which there can be fused the flames of compassionate zeal into the lives of students and faculty. There is no inconsistency between the profoundest learning and the zeal of the hottest evangelism. Too many of our evangelists are unlearned, and too many of our scholars are unevangelistic. We will never win the world by the evangelists alone. We must train a strong group of scholarly pastors, who will go into the churches with the soul-winning spirit and power and build evangelistic churches, and from them as centers win the regions round about. A seminary should not put a premium on ministerial stiffness, dryness and starchiness, and tum out stilted clergymen. An unspiritual, unevangelistic ministry will never be an efficient ministry. The soul-winning spirit and compassion for lost men in our seminaries will enlarge their popularity and favor with the people, contribute to their spiritual life, keep them in vital touch with God and the unseen realities of religion, and thus preserve our teachers and students from theological drift in doctrines and life, keep them close to the common suffering heart of a lost and ruined world, tum their energies constantly out of the uplifting movements among men, build in them the constructive spirit of missions, and thus make them power-plants, pulsating with the life of God. The final test of a 9 SWBTS Libraries preacher's efficiency is not found in what he knows about the deep things of God's word, but in what he does with what he knows in bringing in Christ's kingdom among men. KJ:iowledge is a channel of power, through which God is seeking the betterment of a fallen race. The sainted John S. Tanner was right when he said, "The Holy Spirit has an affinity for a trained mind." Our knowledge of the truth is God's opportunity to use us and our powers in world redemption. Service, not knowledge, should be the end of all learning. All our sermons should be preached, doctrines taught, churches built, text-books, commentaries, religious papers and magazines written and all of our religious enterprises conducted in the compassionate spirit of evangelism. "The Son of Man came to seek and to save the lost." So should our seminaries say, "We have come to seek and save the lost through a trained, cultured, and empowered ministry." 3. Scholarship. A most important mark of ministerial efficiency is reverent,. accurate, compassionate scholarship. The largest and best constituency of Baptist seminaries are Baptist schools. Most of our students come from them. Every seminary should tum every young preacher who comes without college training back to the literary schools if it is possible for him to go. We should encourage the highest regular and graduate degrees in college and seminary, for it is from those who take these higher degrees that will come, in the main, our scholars and great thinkers. But it is not my view that we should make educational requirements for entrance on seminary studies. Many strong men cannot take college education after they surrender to God's will to preach. Many others will ·be very efficient ministers with only seminary training. I would not depreciate the service nor undervalue the ministry of a great mass of our preachers who have never had either college or seminary training. They have wrought mightily for God and are among the best friends of Christian education. The founder of this Seminary laid it deep in the thinking and life of this institution that we must take special care of "the bottom crop" as well as "the top crop" in the ministry. So was it with the founders of our Southern Seminary. It should ever remain so. The English courses should be made strong and put in easy reach of the man whom God has called to preach but circumstances prevented from securing college training. We should give not only our best welcome to those men who have been favored With college and university advantages to graduate degrees and larger learning, but also offer our best welcome as well to the men who with mental limitations, financial and family embarrassments, come with the fires of God's call burning in their bones to reach a lost world with the saving knowledge of Christ's truth. Having said this much for the untrained man, I wish to say the strongest word I can for profound scholarship and high standards of learning. The Boards of control should give large liberty to professors for advanced study, original research and travel in the favored lands. 10 SWBTS Libraries Our curriculums should provide large liberty in electives, emphasizing advanced and seminarium work. Our faculties should stand together in encouraging graduate work among the strongest men, giving them time and direction in original research. Our administrations should provide libraries of well-selected books and manuscripts, and in every way encourage broad reading, special investigation that we may grow scholars and thinkers. We must have an orthodox scholarship that will .mat.ch the scholarship and thinkers of an unbelieving and gain-saying world. American scholarship is not free. In a large measure it is subservient to the dictum of German rationalism, ultra-criticism and ecclesiastical infidelity. In 1776 America declared her independence from British political control. It is high time that we were declaring our educational independence from German rationalism. Spiritual, evangelistic orthodoxy should write our text-books, our commentaries and our inspirational literature. How we need interpreters of God's Word, men of vision, men of mental gigantics, men of masterful souls, high-browed men, God-filled men, men of spiritual insight to see the deeper things of God, with power to unfold the riches of Christ's grace like the Apostle Paul, John A. Broadus, B. H. Carroll and others. We must train such for the world's enrichment and God's glory. Much so-called scholarship of today is very presumptous, arrogant, self-opinionated, irreverent and without the knowledge of God. It is not learning that a man has in his speculations when he dethrones God, takes Him out of His universe, makes Him subject to the laws and regulations framed by a distorted and inflamed imagination. It is not science that robs nature of its Creator and crowns mind or chance or protoplasm as God. It is cultured madness and scientific insanity. It is not intellectual light nor scientific wisdom that sees no God in creation, providence and grace, and hears not His imperial voice in revelation and history. It is the plague of Egyptian mental darkness and spiritual death. It is cultured and trained infidelity seeking to lead a ruined world by the way of so-called scholarship and learned vagaries into eternal night. Scholarship needs to be subject to God and to learn that His revealed Word, reaffirmed by the testimonies of a thousand convincing proofs, sealed by the blood of His Son and confirmed unto us by His Holy Spiritr-that His Word is the only infallible authority under heaven, touching conscience and conduct as related to eternity and God. The scholarship which with bold effrontery challenges God at the doorway of creation, revelation and grace is worse than guilty of treason against divine government. It is guilty of attempted deicide. Which is worse, the attempt of pharisaical Judaism to run the Father's Son out of His vineyard and crucify Him on Calvary or the effort of learned infidelity to run the Father out of creation and release unto us the Barrabas of evolution, rationalism and destructive criticism? Scholarship, to have the respect of civilized humanity and the blessing of heaven must be kept subject to God's sovereignty in His world, obedient to His laws in nature and grace and under a saving loyalty to His Son. 11 SWBTS Libraries Baptists can make good use of scholars. They need to know the original sources of God's book. A knowledge of the Greek New Testament opened the first door of missions to the Baptists of America and turned a nation to our faith. Judson became a Baptist because he knew the meaning of a Greek word and had the courage to follow light. Scholarship should be kept out of cloisters, and refrigerators, in the open fresh air, close to the needy heart of humanity. It should be compassionate toward lost men, reverent toward God, and faithful toward revelation. 4. Doctrinal Conviction. I mention doctrinal conviction as a fourth stamp that our seminaries should put on their students. The Bible is the text-book of theological seminaries. They study it in Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek and English. Take the Bible away and their professors would be silent. They would have nothing to teach. All they teach is the Bible or about the Bible or leads to or from the Bible. It is their authority, the law of their lives, the heart of their message. Now the book of theological seminaries is a book of doctrine, principles and fundamentals. The man who does not see doctrine in God's Word is blind and cannot see afar. Doctrine in the Bible is like meat in an egg. It fills it. There are the doctrines of God, His Son, His Spirit, sin, death, the atonement, grace, His churches, His ordinances, the resurrection, the eternal future, heaven and hell. Doctrine is everywhere in the Bible. The theological seminary ought to have clear views of the basic principles of God's Word and teach them right out, not mincing, nor trimming, nor compromising. Apologetics ought to be taught in a seminary, but a seminary should not be apologetic in its attitude toward the great doctrines of God's Word. Our preachers need to learn what the doctrines were put in God's word for. They were not made to kill people with, nor to make people mad with. They were not even made to boast over. God put them in His book that we may give them out to the people for soul-food, to save people with, and make Christians of a heroic mold. Most men who read the Bible are Baptists but they do not know it, and we have kept them from finding out that they are Baptists by the way in which we have preached our doctrines to them. We have handed out · our doctrines in some quarters as pitchforks, swords and sledge-hammers. Let's change our manner, our method, and our spirit, and hand out these glorious teachings as the bread of life, water of salvation, food for souls, medicine and balm for sick and wounded spirits. Let's institutionalize our doctrines, make them grow into the spirit of a wide brotherliness, into sanitariums, orphanages, Christian schools, charities; and thus make them levers of power, lifting the world Godward. This old world will not get all the truth it needs if we leave out the basic doctrines. If we do, we will give out an emasculated Christianity, an enervate, effeminate religion. If you take the bone-food out of what you feed your child, you can't grow a strong body. If 12 SWBTS Libraries you take doctrine, basic fundamental truth out of what you feed his soul you will not grow a strong Christian character. An invertebrate Christianity is not Christianity at all. It is pious suavity. Let's keep well fed the bones of our faith. We do not have to let the bones show. They can perform their functions best when covered with flesh and blood. You cannot have an heroic ministry that is not an indoctrinated ministry. They must believe something to get anywhere in the kingdom of God. If you crossed Paul's doctrines, you crossed his life. Peter tried it once and was soon struck by a spiritual cyclone. There is no place in the gospel ministry for the spineless, effeminate dilettante, for the time-serving sycophant. It is a place for a hardy militancy of heroic mold. Preachers must have the Daniel, the John the Baptist spirit against evil's bold encroachments if satan's powers are ever driven from the earth. The high tides of Christianity come in from the crucifixions, martydoms, sacrifices, facing dangers and perils. It is the inwrought convictions of truth and doctrine which make men of the prophet kind, the Pauline type. There is a straight path ahead for our people. Our doctrines are handed down to us in God's word. We do not have to amend them, apologize for themjust believe, live, exemplify, teach and proclaim them. God will do the rest. These doctrines should be taught and preached in the spirit of love and evangelism. We should give them out like the seasoning in our food, like sunshine equally distributed, like the leaven of a heavenly influence. Sometimes they must' be thrown out like thunder-bolts as God's dynamic power. Seminaries should so teach the basic truth of God as that the young preacher shall have a positive message. 5. Denominational Sympathy and Co-Operation. The final word given here on ministerial efficiency which should find place in seminary life and instruction is denominational co-opera· tion. Theological seminaries should not be in secluded places, cloistered groves, self-centered communities. They should be near the marts and markets of throbbing, sinning humanity. The cry of the world's need should constantly sound in the soul of the preacher as he learns the way<> of God. Seminaries should have their windows open toward Jerusalem and the uttermost parts of the earth. All seminaries that are worth while in producing an efficient ministry are in easy reach of the currents of the denominational life supporting them. These seminaries should feel their accountability to and responsibility for such denominational life. Their professors and presidents and students should be in the heart of all kingdom activities, co-operant and vital. No seminary teacher has a moral right to poison the life of his denomination by erroneous and heretical teaching while he holds position and draws salary from such denomination. The laws of a good conscience and high ethics should govern theological professors in their relationships to the people who support their seminaries. The preachers who are sent out from our theological seminaries should fit into the needs of the people whom they are to serve. They should be familiar with all the denominational 18 SWBTS Libraries activities. All the channels from the seminaries to the people should be kept open, so that the currents of life without can flow in and the tides of power within can flow unhindered out to the people. This Seminary is seeking to build along these lines. We are growing here a strong center of scholarship in the more difficult and erudite studies. We will build around this center and seek ever to make it stronger. Then gathering around these profounder studies we have practical courses in methods, administrations of church and kingdom activity. We lay heavy stress on the English Bible, into which Dr. Carroll poured. his life's blood and is now carried on in the same spirit and method as when he taught it. We wish to put.i the power of the great AngloSaxon Bible into the souls of our students. We have a department of evangelism under the direction of the new president. In this it is sought to make practical soul-winners, not mere revivalists, but evangelistic pastors and leaders with a burning compassion for lost souls in every part of their lives and activities. With this we are organizing a department of field evangelism. Rev. F. M. McConnell, a great evangelist and denominational leader has been elected by the trustees to be superintendent of the department of field evangelism. He and the president of the Seminary will seek to secure a group of the strongest possible evangelists to go among the churches holding revival meetings, kindling the fires of New Testament evangelism, indoctrinating, inspiring the people, calling out the called and otherwise building the Kingdom of Christ. With this department a strong evangelistic singer and musical director has been secured to build a great department of evangelistic singing. Our purpose is to make Seminary Hill a center of evangelistic labor and power that will result in the winJ!ing of thousands every year and otherwise aiding in the work of all the churches and the kingdom. Also we have the Woman's Missionary Training School, a vital part of our Seminary. Our purpose is to do for women in their work what we are doing for men in theirs-give them trained workers, thus reaching the fields opening to Christian womanhood for service. Our aim is not to turn out female preachers, but to give the world trained women in all the teaching, missionary and soul-winning activities of Christ's coming kingdom. It is our plan to start next session and grow into a department of power a school of Religious Education seeking to enter the field of Sunday School work in a new and great fashion. The churches are demanding trained laymen as church executives, pastors' assistants, and paid Sunday, School leaders. We must meet this demand. We expect to put in a strong professor of Religious Education and an expert field man, great in methods and practical administration in Sunday School and young people's work. We purpose putting in our regular curriculum a course on the Problems of the Country Church, thus seeking to turn some of our strongest men to the great fields and opportunities in rural life. I' • SWBTS Libraries We are growing and will strengthen a department of missions, laying special stress on calling out the called and training them for service in the fields open to Christian missions. Our professors will visit the mission fields of the world, studying problems at first hand and thus bring to our students the life beyond the seas. We also have now a growing extension division. We are planning to enlarge it and put in a strong man for all of his time with proper clerical and office help. We wish to carry the benefits of our Seminary to the doors of the people. We have a conviction that the people need seminary forces to be brought in touch with them and their problems. We know the seminary forces need touch and helpful association and co-operation with the people. In the language of the great Southern leader and Christian statesman, J. B. Gambrell, we are trying to work close to the ground where the people are and where Christ works. The seminary graduate should be a mighty co-operant force with all the denominational and kingdom agencies and institutions. He should be a builder, a constructive force. It is not enough that he should be known by his scholarly attainments, his grace and accuracy of speech, his eloquent appeals. He must do things, be a doer of the word. His efficiency is mainly marked by his activities and not by his eloquence and linguistic lore. Dr. Carroll said once to me, "I want a seminary that will turn out Resurrection preachers--men who can raise the dead and do exploits in the churches-make the valleys of dead bones live with flesh and blood, life and power, men who can write commentaries, text-books on systematic theology, and hold great revivals and construct a kingdom for Christ's truth." In accepting today the presidency of this new Seminary, I do it with a deep conviction of God's leadership and with an unalterable purpose to lead the forces to the building of a theological seminary and missionary training school along the lines indicated in this paper. This is my platform. With doctri:qal convictions as deep as life, with the fires of holy compassion for lost men burning in my soul, with an unutterable dependence on and a growing love for Christ, with a reliant and restful faith in God, by the help of a co-operant board of trustees, united faculty of young, growing professors, assisted by the loving ministries of God's Baptist men and women throught this land, joining hands with all the other agencies and institutions of our Southern Zion, I expect to contribute my part through my office and influence in giving the world a pure Gospel and a true ministry, with which to enthrone Christ in his rightful place in earth and heaven, and aid a lost world in crowning Him Lord of Lords and King of Kings. To this end and for Christ's sake, I would call on the Baptist brotherhood everywhere to give us their love, their prayers, their deepest spiritual interest and their material and financial co-operation. We must have God, human hearts and money in order to grow the seminary Christ wants on this hill. 15 SWBTS Libraries SWBTS Libraries SOUTHWESTERN SEMINARY'S APPEAL FOR STUDENTS, FRIENDS AND MONEY 1. It is a strong center of consecrated scholarship, teaching all branches of profound theological learning. 2. Its attitude towards Christ, His gospel, His book, His churches and His kingdom, is faithful and loyal. 3. It has a great program of practical kingdom administrations, MEN'S BUILDING such as a chair of Evangelism; a superintendent of evangelism; a group of field evangelists; a department of singing evangelists; a school of religious education; an extension department, including correspondence courses; a Woman's Missionary Training School; a strong course in country church problems, settlement work and a downtown mission, making a spiritual clinic for preachers and missionaries. 4. It is located in one of the healthiest climates in the world, has the best dormitory facilities for three hundred students, a fine community with rent houses for married students. 5. It is situated in the center of a great Baptist empire, orthodox and missionary, offering large opportunity for pastoral and missionary work. It gives aid on personal expenses to students, where it is necessary. 6. It offers the best opportunities for preparation to be pastors, evangelists, missionaries; church executives, evangelistic singers, Sunday school experts and teachers, and other kingdom workers. 7. Its high aim is to produce a kingdom leadership, orthodox in theology, reverent and profound in scholarship, evangelistic in spirit, consecrated in life, missionary in purpose, efficient in all the work of the kingdom of Christ. Catalogue and further information sent upon application to L R. Scarborough, President Fort Worth, Texas WOMEN'S BUILDING SWBTS Libraries 3 SWBTS Libraries
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|Title||1915/05 - Address - Installation Address of Dr. L.R. Scarborough|
|Subject||Scarborough, L. R. (Lee Rutland), 1870-1945; Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary; Installation sermons|
|Description||The Primal Test of Theological Education, Installation Address of President L.R. Scarborough, D.D. May, 1915. Bulletin of the Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, Fort Worth, Texas|
|Publisher||Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary|
|Coverage||ForthWorth (Texas) -- 1915|
|Rights||Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary|
Dr. Scarborough's "Installation
Address" delivered in May, 1915.
This address drew students f'rom
various and distant areas. SWBTS
S U P P L E M .E N T
Vol. 1 MAY, 1915 No. 1
The Primal Test of Theological
PRESIDENT L. R. SCARBOROUGH, D. D.
FORT WORTH, TEXAS
ISSUED QUARTERLY BY
SOUTHWESTERN BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY
APPLICATION FOR ENTRY "AS SECOND·CLASS MATTER AT THE POSTOFFICE AT
FORT WORTH, TEXAS, PENDING
L. R. SCARBOROUGH, D. D.
~bt ~rimal tEtst of tEbtologital ~bucation
HE preacher of the gospel is the human pivot in the kingdom
of God and the primal earthly factor in the reign